India has legally recognized electronic signatures particularly for online transactions since 2000. The Information Technology Act of 2000 (IT Act), provides the legal framework for the recognition of electronic records and signatures, giving them the same legal status as their handwritten signatures.
The IT Act defines that any information shall not be denied legal effect, validity, or enforceability on the ground that it is wholly or partly in an electronic form.
Information Technology (IT) Act of 2000 provides for legal recognition of electronic messages in commercial transactions.
eSignatures are legally valid and admissible in the court of law. The Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) confirms that signed agreements cannot be denied enforceability merely because they are concluded electronically. To prove a valid contract, parties sometimes have to present evidence in court. Under Section 65B of the Evidence Act (1872), eSignature solutions can be used to give electronic records that are admissible as evidence to support contracts in court.
India has tiered eSignature laws that recognize standard eSignatures as legal and enforceable while giving digital signatures the same legal status as handwritten signatures.
Following best practices should be followed while signing electronically using an eSignature platform:
According to the Information Technology (IT) Act of 2000, eSignatures shall not apply to the following transactions or documents: